Started from the bottom now we here: IoT

Just when you think technology is at it’s prime, more pops up to amaze us. The Internet of Things (IoT) is much bigger than people think. It ‘revolves around increased machine-to- machine communication; built on cloud computing and networks of data-gathering sensors; it’s mobile, virtual and instantaneous connection’ (Burrus, 2014).

So while researching I found a pretty cool example of loT and it’s use. During a Taylor Swift concert, LED bracelets were handed to audiences that used infrared communications to light up the crowd based on the song being played. Various colours lighted up spontaneously; that are coordinated to the songs being performed. It was controlled by infrared transmitters that control the LED bracelets; similar to the infrared used for remote controls and TV boxes. A concert I went to myself, had light sticks that were available that lit up according to the beat of the song.

Honestly, I didn’t understand what IoT was until this weeks lecture but really; its a function that we are slowly being surrounded by that will only increase in the future. It’s becoming much bigger than we realise.

Here’s another example of IoT being used for speakers!

References:

Burrus, D. 2014, The Internet of Things is far bigger than anyone realizes in Wired. http://www.wired.com/insights/2014/11/the-internet-of-things-bigger/ visited 21/10

Butler, B, 2015, How Taylor Swift is uing the Internet of Things in her concerts in NetworkWold. http://www.networkworld.com/article/2994387/internet-of-things/how-taylor-swift-is-using-the-internet-of-things-in-her-concerts.html visited 21/10

The movie that didn’t want to be made, The Interview

There have been plenty of hacking cases over the years; but a more recent case that blew up the internet was the hacking of Sony Entertainment in 2014 for their film, The Interview. The Interview is a satirical, comedy film that is based around a fictional story that plots an assassination of the North Korean leader, Kim Jong-un by the US.

Sony was hacked into on November 22, 2014 with private company information being released to the public. Confidential emails were exposed causing embarrassment and harm; and torrent links for unreleased movies were spread through the internet. Sony was hit real hard; but who was to blame?

Everyone believed it to be North Korea as they had previously announced that the film was an ‘act of terrorism’ and that if released, they would retaliate. However, the North Korean leader denied involvement of the attack and rather praised the hackers for doing a ‘righteous deed’. A group, GOP- Guardians of Peace was later revealed to be behind the hack that was created by insiders within Sony.

Eventually the film was pulled from many cinema’s around the world due to the threat of the hack and North Korea; which became a further debate on social media with discussions on the coward nature of the US and Sony.

“An un-American act of cowardice that validates terrorist actions and sets a terrifying precedent.” – Jimmy Kimmel

The film had limited theatrical release but was made available for download online. (It wasn’t a really good film anyway in my opinion; didn’t really meet my expectations).

References:

2014, The Interview: a guide to the cyber attack on Hollywood in BBC News. http://www.bbc.com/news/entertainment-arts-30512032 visited 20/10

2014, A Breakdown and Analysis of the December 2014 Sony Hack in RBS. https://www.riskbasedsecurity.com/2014/12/a-breakdown-and-analysis-of-the-december-2014-sony-hack/ visited 20/10

Savov, V. 2014, Sony Pictures Hacked: the full story in The Verge. http://www.theverge.com/2014/12/8/7352581/sony-pictures-hacked-storystream visited 20/10

Hacking Culture: WikiLeaks

Until this lecture, I had never heard of WikiLeaks or anything to do with it. So, for this blog I decided to dig in deeper to get a real understanding on what WikiLeaks do and the benefits from it.

From what I researched it’s an organisation that depends on other sources for information that are leaked and anonymous and provides them to journalists and newspaper organisations to bring essential news and information to the public. It’s quite efficient in providing breaking news stories in major media outlets while keeping its sources completely anonymous and powerful and influential in the fact that every court case against them have been unsuccessful.

When you think of hacking, negative actions immediately cross your mind. But really, ‘to be a hacker of any kind is to always seek change whether it be perceived as either positive, negative or both’ (Huffington Post, 2014). WikiLeaks is an example of hacking in a way that benefits the wider world and providing citizens with essential information. It makes one think about the advantages of hacking. However, we’ve become a revolution where nothing can be hidden anymore, so what does that mean for the future? Where is the line drawn between positive or negative hacking consequences? And what should be kept hidden or told to the world?

References:

Ellison. S, 2011, The Man Who Spilled The Secrets in Vanity Fair. http://www.vanityfair.com/news/2011/02/the-guardian-201102 visited 19/10

Zuckerman. M, 2014, Culture Hacking 101 in Huffington Post. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/maya-zuckerman/culture-hacking-101_b_5753660.html?ir=Australia visited 19/10

Protests in our backyard- 2015 Aboriginal Australian Community Closure Threats

It’s crazy seeing what social media and networks can do. It’s more then just sharing with the world what you did last weekend or posting a few selfies for your friends. It’s become a global movement as a platform to voice people’s opinion; to get people together and make a difference. Mid 2015, a call for a protest spread across media platforms against the closure of remote Aboriginal communities. It first started with family support but spread nationally when a small community in Wangkatjungka, Western Australia, created a simple Facebook page to spread awareness of the force closure of Aboriginal Communities.

It started a movement with the hashtag #SOSBlakAustralia on Twitter that connected other communities with concerns and interests to start a protest in several cities across Australia- and that’s what happened.

This prezi describes the various protests around Australia and it’s impact and influence.

References:

Cowie. T, Jacks. T, 2015, Rally against closure of Aboriginal communities disrupts inner city in The Age. http://www.theage.com.au/victoria/rally-against-closure-of-aboriginal-communities-disrupts-inner-city-20150626-ghyoke.html visited 19/10

Stein. G, 2015, Family Harnesses power of social media to drive protests against forced closures of Aboriginal Australian communities in ABC NEWS. http://www.abc.net.au/news/2015-04-30/protest-against-forced-closure-aboriginal-communities/6431558 visited 19/10

Taillier. S, 2015, Rallies helf to protest against threat of remote community closures in Western Australia in ABC News. http://www.abc.net.au/news/2015-05-01/rallies-protest-against-possible-closures-of-remote-communities/6437046 visited 19/10

Era of Citizen Journalism

Gatewatching is a concept noted by Axel Bruns which describes the shift in the way audiences are gaining their news content towards the idea of citizen journalism where users are generating news content. Previously, news content ran through editors and companies who basically told us news topics of their choice. Today, we are citizen journalists who decide and judge news topics on how important we think they are. We attribute with our own opinions and form content based on our attributions.

Social media has allowed us to create user generated content and distribute and organise the information in ways that we choose. Twitter is a platform that enables users to search relevant topics through hashtags and demonstrates to users the trending issues from these hashtags. Hashtags basically allow aggregated content that includes personal opinions. If I was to tweet about a significant event, such as the Parramatta shootings, it would just be lost in the feed. Adding a hashtag enables my personal opinion to be expressed and aware in the online mediated public sphere and enhance meaning of my tweet.

References:

Bruns. A, 2011, Gatekeeping, Gatewaching, Real-time Feedback: New Challenges for Journalism. http://snurb.info/files/2011/Gatekeeping,%20Gatewatching,%20Real-Time%20Feedback.pdf visited 13/10

Trina, 2008, What are the differences between gatekeeping and gatewatching, http://trina-trinasblog.blogspot.com.au/2008/05/what-are-differences-between.html visited 13/10

The Great Debate: Android vs. Apple

Personally, I’m an android user and have never really owned an iPhone due to my own preference. I find androids more easier to use with better options and features; but in the end, that’s my personal preference. I know that some people prefer Apple because it’s user friendly and layouts are basic. Android also have a larger range of phones that use the android system, which means more competition within the android market.

Previously, android had it’s own app store but has now changed to ‘google play’ by teaming up with Google which allows one google account to link with the Google Play store as well as other social media accounts, YouTube etc; making it quite convenient to users. Apple on the other hand only uses features linked to the IOS systems such as iCloud (which honestly, is so difficult to use compared to the SkyDrive on Android- everything gets lost up in the clouds).

The question whether android or apple is better has been addressed repeatedly but I believe the answer to the great debate; whether android or apple is better, is that is all comes down to what you prefer and which system, whether IOS or android suits you better.

Leonardo Dicaprio Cheers Meme | HOW TO START AN ARGUMENT ON A FORUM: ASK WHAT'S BETTER: ANDROID OR APPLE | image tagged in memes,leonardo dicaprio cheers | made w/ Imgflip meme maker

References:

Nield. D, 2015, IOS vs Android: The 2015 Edition, http://fieldguide.gizmodo.com/ios-vs-android-the-2015-edition-1700461435 visited 13/10

Ruthless Disney

Disney has upheld quite a reputation for its strict copyright guidelines against using its characters, brand, titles and basically anything ‘associated with the name Disney and its affiliates’. They prove to be a strong force with lawsuits towards huge media companies as well as small online businesses. In 2013, Disney filed a lawsuit against Entertainment Theatre Group that provided audiences with a musical that showcased Disney’s most popular characters, Mary Poppins, The Lion King and Spider-Man. They were being sued for ‘copyright infringement, trademark infringement, unfair trade practices; seeking damages for willful infringement after defendants refused to stop the show after being warned’ (Gardner, 2013).

Previously, fan favourites such as Shakespearean plays and Charles Dickens novels were free for people to use or reinvent. However, 17 years ago a copyright term act was enforced to keep these out of the public domain. This act expires in a few years but Disney hopes to extend the copyright for the future.

With popular film, Frozen, Disney has become more acceptable towards copyright; particularly with YouTube. The infographic below highlights the popularity of Frozen and how Disney have reacted to the parody videos.

frozen

References:

Konnikova M, 2014, How Frozen took over the world, http://www.newyorker.com/science/maria-konnikova/how-frozen-took-over-the-world visited 16/9

Lee T, 2013, 15 Years ago, Congress kept Mickey Mouse out of the public domain. Will they do it again? https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/the-switch/wp/2013/10/25/15-years-ago-congress-kept-mickey-mouse-out-of-the-public-domain-will-they-do-it-again/ visited 16/9

Osterndorf C, 2014, How Frozen fandom changed Disney’s stance on copyright infringement. http://www.dailydot.com/opinion/disney-frozen-fandom-copyright-infringement/ visited 16/9

Wallenstein A, 2014, Disney Plays it Cool with Frozen Frenzy on YouTube. http://variety.com/2014/voices/columns/disney-plays-it-cool-with-online-frenzy-for-frozen-1201098084/ visited 16/9